By Angus Konstam
Seventh U-Boat Flotilla. Donitz's Atlantic Wolves КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: Ian AllanСерия: Spearhead 07Язык: английскийФормат: PDFРазмер: 34.91 Мб ifolder.ru eighty five
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Extra info for 7th U-Boat Flotilla. Donitz's Atlantic Wolves
C. hiffsbau, Flensburg Commissioned: 3 May 1943 Operational in flotilla: 1 November 1943 Commander: ObltzS Paul-Heinrich Sass Operational patrols: 2 Allied vessels sunk: 0 Fate: Sunk on or after 31 January 1944 (no survivors) U-974 (TypeV/IC) Builder: Blohm eSc Voss, Hamburg Commissioned: 22 April 1943 Operational in flotilla: 1 November 1943 First commander: ObltzS Joachim Zaubitzer Subsequent commander: November 1943: ObftzS HeinzWo~ff Operational patrols: 1 Allied vessels sunk: 0 Fate: Sunk on 19 April 1944 (8 survivors) U-976 (Type VIIC) Builder: Blohm eSc Voss, Hamburg Commissioned: 5 May 1943 Operational in flotilla: 1 November 1943 First commander: ObltzS Raimund liesler Operational patrols: 2 Allied vessels sunk: 0 Fate: Sunk on 25 March 1944 (49 survivors) U-255 (Type VIlC) Builder: BremerVulkan-Vegesacker Werft, Bremen Commissioned: 29 November 1941 Operational in flotilla: 1 December 1943 (transferred from 13th Flotilla) First commander: Kptlt Reinhardt Reche Subsequent commanders: June 1943 - August 1944: ObltzS Erich Harms Operational patrols: 15 Allied vessels sunk: 12 Fate: Decommissioned 1 September 1944; recommissioned April 1945, surrendered to Allies at end of war U-390 (Type VIlC) Builder: Howaldtswerke, Kiel Commissioned: 13 March 1943 Operational in flotilla: 1 December 1943 Commander: ObltzS Heinz Geissler Operational patrols: 4 Allied vessels sunk: 1 Fate: Sunk on 5 July 1944 (1 survivor) Reinforcements, January-March 1944 U-985 (Type VIIC) Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg Commissioned: 24 June 1943 Operational in flotilla: 1 January 1944 First commander: Kplt Horst-Wilhelm Kessler Subsequent commander: April 1944: Kptlt Heinz Wolff Operational patrols: 3 Allied vessels sunk: 1 Fate: Decommissioned due to damage on 15 November 1944; surrendered to Allies at end of war U-342 (Type VIIC) Builder: Nordseewerke, Emden Commissioned: 12 January 1943 Operational in flotilla: 1 March 1944 First commander: ObltzS Albert Hossenfelder Operational patrols: 2 Allied vessels sunk: 0 Fate: Sunk on 17 April 1944 (no survivors) boat arm in general was suffering; 23 U-boats were lost in October, 16 in November and another five in December 1943.
Schichau GmbH, Danzig Increasingly, packs were being forced to Commissioned: 22 August 1942 disperse when their positions were Operational in flotilla: 1 May 1943 Commander: ObltzS Hennann Otto discovered by airborne radar or radar Operational patrols: 1 pickets on the edge of convoys. It was fast Allied vessels sunk: 0 becoming a different kind of war, where Fate: Sunk on 24 June 1943 (no survivors) technology was becoming increasingly U-650 (Type VIIC) important. Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg It was not until March that serious Commissioned: 26 November 1942 Operational in flotilla: 1 May 1943 wolfpack attacks were attempted against First commander: ObltzS Ernst von Witzendorff convoys.
While damage to the U-boat pens was minimal due to their heavily reinforced protective bunkers, the rest of the port was heavily damaged. three months of 1942. The effectiveness of these long-range deployments was increased when the firstType XIV U-tankers (often described as 'milch-cows' from the German Mi/ch-kuh or 'milk-cow') entered service from April 1942 onwards. Soon these support boats were attached to operational wolfpacks, making these groups virtually self-sufficient in midAtlantic. Despite its successes, the flotilla's losses continued to mount.