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A New Biology for the 21st Century by National Research Council

By National Research Council

Now greater than ever, biology has the capability to give a contribution sensible recommendations to a number of the significant demanding situations confronting the us and the realm. a brand new Biology for the twenty first Century recommends "New Biology" approach--one that is dependent upon larger integration inside biology, and nearer collaboration with actual, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to discover recommendations to 4 key societal wishes: sustainable nutrients creation, atmosphere recovery, optimized biofuel construction, and development in human well-being. The technique demands a coordinated attempt to leverage assets around the federal, inner most, and educational sectors to aid meet demanding situations and enhance the go back on existence technological know-how learn commonly.

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A New Biology for the 21st Century

Now greater than ever, biology has the capability to give a contribution useful options to a few of the significant demanding situations confronting the us and the area. a brand new Biology for the twenty first Century recommends "New Biology" approach--one that relies on higher integration inside of biology, and nearer collaboration with actual, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to discover strategies to 4 key societal wishes: sustainable nutrition creation, environment recovery, optimized biofuel creation, and development in human wellbeing and fitness.

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Coli host, was commercialized in 2007. PDO is used in applications ranging from deicing fluids to personal care products. BioPDO is also an important component of poly (trimethylene ­terephthalate), a polymer with true engineering properties. We can now foresee a range of such chemical building blocks as succinic acid, dodecanedioic acid, and p-hydroxybenzoic acid being made from biomass via fermentation (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 2009). At present, medical decision-making is often based on probabilities.

2009). The normal, healthy human body contains ten times more microbes than human cells, and these microbes carry out many essential functions. , 2005). Genomic and other new technologies are now making it possible for life scientists to characterize the human microbiome and the factors that influence the distribution, function, and evolution of our microbial partners. Recognizing the importance of the microbiome means assessing how these evolutionarily ancient microbial partnerships influence health and predisposition to diseases.

Assessing and protecting biodiversity is therefore a critical ingredient in meeting the challenge of achieving sustainable food production. Fundamental understanding will require predictive models that include all of the factors that affect growth and development; several technologies that will have to be developed to be applied in parallel to model and crop plants; new methods for live visualization of growing plants and for computational modeling of their growth and development at the molecular and cellular levels; cell-type specific gene expression, proteomic, and metabolomic data; high-throughput phenotyping, both visual and chemical; methods to characterize the dynamics and functions of microbial communities; and ready access to next-generation sequencing methods.

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