By J. Dee Kille
The "Red scare" of the Nineteen Fifties created a countrywide hindrance that challenged techniques of loyalty and freedom of speech in each nook of yankee society. The quandary used to be particularly problematical in American universities, the place traditions of educational freedom chanced on themselves at odds with political concerns stemming from the chilly struggle. The college of Nevada in Reno was once no exception. The college ahead of and through global warfare II used to be a small (fewer than 2,000 scholars) college supplying uncomplicated courses to a mostly Nevada-based pupil physique within the nation’s least-populated kingdom. The campus used to be quiet, safe, conventional, and usually conservative. The postwar years introduced booming enrollments and new college individuals, many from outdoors Nevada, imbued with a feeling of the significance of study and of shared educational governance. quickly, the collage stumbled on itself embroiled in an severe controversy that threatened its educational integrity or even raised issues approximately its destiny as a achievable establishment. The 1952 appointment of Minard W. Stout as president brought on the difficulty. Mandated by means of a conservative Board of Regents to "clean up" the collage, Stout delivered to his new task a prepared feel of venture and a strident dedication to an authoritarian, top-down chain of command. His next battles with college and scholars over their function in college governance and over the very nature of upper schooling quickly degenerated into offended accusations of college Communist sympathies and sour confrontations over educational loose speech, educational freedom, and loyalty. The typhoon introduced the college nationwide notoriety and made the management of upper schooling a big factor inside of Nevada, eventually related to the nation legislature and the courts with a view to get to the bottom of the clash. J. Dee Kille’s energetic and insightful account of the difficulty "on the hill" rests on a variety of archival assets, interviews and oral histories, collage documents, and released resources. of important curiosity to readers attracted to Fifties Nevada, the ebook additionally serves as a strong case examine of the devastating effect of McCarthyism, suspicion, and repression on an American collage in this turbulent period within the nation’s background.
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Extra resources for Academic Freedom Imperiled: The McCarthy Era at the University of Nevada (Wilbur S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History) (Wilber S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History)
There is going to be no case of any department belittling or criticizing others. . In case there is any individual who feels he has to stir up friction, then he is going to leave the faculty. . You were hired to teach biology. This year you were 16 Academic Freedom Imperiled given the appointment to serve as department head. That does not make you a critic or supervisor of the entire program of higher education. . 22 On the topic of admission requirements, the reason for the distribution of the article in the ﬁrst place, Richardson reemphasized that admission standards were an area of concern for all members of the university, both faculty and administration.
The three professors accepted the oﬀer because they thought the same scenario was being oﬀered to Richardson and Little and that the campus would soon return to normal. But Stout did not oﬀer the two biology professors the same opportunity. Despite the clever way Stout managed to split the cohesiveness of the ﬁve, Gorrell believes that Stout was just the errand boy for the board. He recognizes that Stout was brought in to bring the faculty into line, but believes that he was taking his marching orders directly from the regents, Chairman Silas Ross in particular.
He immediately wanted to investigate the possibility of Communist inﬂuence. The regents were sure that there was no such thing. And they didn’t even want it pursued. Mr. 55 If the Board of Regents believed strongly that there was no Communist conspiracy involved in Richardson’s actions, then they should have had the right to direct their attorney away from that line of questioning. Such an action would be appropriate, especially in light of the seemingly disastrous results of Heward’s eﬀorts. However, because Heward was a special assistant attorney general for the state, he seemed to command a power that the regents could not, or would not, challenge.