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ADP-Ribosylation Reactions. Biology and Medicine by Osamu Hayaishi

By Osamu Hayaishi

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Biol. Chem. 197, 611-620. Ikeda, M . , and Hayaishi, O. (1965). J. Biol. Chem. 240, 1395-1401. , and Handler, P. (1961). J. Biol. Chem. 236, 525-530. Jacobson, E. , Lange, R. Α . , and Jacobson, Μ. K. (1979). J. Cell Physiol. 99, 417-426. , Sims, J. , and Jacobson, Μ. K. (1979). Nature (London) 282, 7 4 0 - 7 4 1 . , Shimoyama, M . , and Ueda, I. (1972). Biochim. Biophys. Acta 268, 506-517. Kaplan, N. O. (1968). J. Vitaminol. 14, 103-113. Kaplan, N. O . , Humphreys, S. , Ciotti, Μ. M . , and Stolzenbach, F.

Biol. Chem. 244, 2956-2965. Streffer, C , and Benes, J. (1971). Eur. J. Biochem. 2 1 , 357-362. , Shimoyama, M . , and Ueda, I. (1970). Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2 0 1 , 394-397. , Fukushima, M . , and Hayaishi, O. (1975). J. Biol. Chem. 250, 7541-7546. , Garbrecht, M . , Kittler, M . , and Hilz, H. (1980). Eur. J. Biochem. 104, 279-287. Zimmerman, S. B . , Little, J. W . , Oshinsky, C. , and Gellert, M. (1967). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. A. 57, 1841-1848. Part III Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation A. Structure of Poly(ADP-ribosyl) Proteins (Chapters 3 to 6) B.

2. Conformation of Ado(P)-Rib-P Poly(ADP-ribose) is hydrolyzed by two enzymes, poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase and phophodiesterase (Fig. 3). Poly (ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase yields ADP-ribose as the product, while phosphodiesterase yields 2 (l"-ribosyl)adenosine 5\5"-bis(phosphate) (also termed phosphoribosyl-AMP or isoADPribose) [abbreviated as Ado(P)-Rib-P] as the main degradation product. There­ fore, the monomer units of poly (ADP-ribose) are defined as ADP-ribose, which has pyrophosphate bonds, and Ado(P)-Rib-P, which has ribose-ribose glycosidic bonds.

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