By Sheying Chen (auth.), Sheying Chen, Jason L. Powell (eds.)
China, that is quickly on its option to changing into the main strong fiscal strength on the earth, has 4 specific features that distinguish it from different nations in Asia: (1) the share of getting older inhabitants is turning out to be speedier than that of Japan (the state formerly famous as having the quickest fee) and lots more and plenty swifter than countries in western Europe. (2) An early arrival of an getting older inhabitants earlier than modernization has totally taken position, with social coverage implications. it truly is convinced that China will face a significantly elderly inhabitants ahead of it has adequate time and assets to set up an sufficient social safety and repair process for older humans. (3) there'll be fluctuations within the overall dependency ratio. The chinese language govt estimates are that the rustic will achieve the next based burden past within the twenty-first century than used to be formerly forecast. (4) The government’s fertility coverage (single baby in keeping with relations) and its implementation has a powerful impression at the getting older strategy. Fewer young ones are being born, yet with extra aged humans a clash arises among the goals to restrict inhabitants raise and but retain a balanced age constitution (Peng and Guo 2001). The intersection of those fourfold components signifies that the elevated getting older inhabitants is giving upward thrust to critical matters between chinese language social coverage makers. there's a persistent loss of strong source fabrics that try and make experience of social coverage in its courting to analyzing the issues and chances of human getting older grounded in an research of monetary of social coverage in China and impression on rural and concrete areas. Such research of China should be coated via conceptual, theoretical, and empirical methods. The e-book also will speak about substantial subject matters of housing, group care, kinfolk care, pensions, and psychological overall healthiness. The publication brings jointly a very international category array of researchers to supply discussions of severe implications of getting older social coverage and the commercial impression in China.
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Additional info for Aging in China: Implications to Social Policy of a Changing Economic State
Krug, E. G. (2002). World report on violence and health. Geneva: World Health Organization. Murray, G. (1998). China: The next superpower. London: China Library. Murray, G. (2004). China’s population control policy: A socio-economic reassessment. PhD thesis, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool. Phillipson, C. (1998). Reconstructing old age. London: Sage. Powell, J. (2001). Theorizing gerontology: The case of old age, professional power and social policy in the United Kingdom. Journal of Aging and Identity, 6(3), 117–135.
The Chinese employees, however, do not seem to value flexible working hours or vacation times, regardless of age (Xu, 2009). 2% of Chinese employees consider flexible working hours as important. Younger employees in China appear to be more aware of these factors as indicators of job quality than older workers; however, Xu (2009) found that the Chinese employees’ general emphasis on these factors is low. More interestingly, ratings of good working hours and generous holidays (indicators of workplace flexibility) decreased between 1995 and 2001 in China.
162). As cited in Zhan’s study, intergenerational coresidence remains popular in China, with 54% of older men and 60% of older women in urban areas and 62% of older men and 75% of older women in rural China living with their adult children’s families (Zeng, Liu, Zhang, & Xiao, 2004). This family care system for the aging population has been challenged by the onechild policy. This policy reduced family size and the number of people born after 1979/1980 in China. As a result, many families currently have a “4-2-1” family structure (four aging parents need to be cared for by a couple who have one child) (Xinhua News, 2010).