By India. National Medicinal Plants Board, Energy and Resources Institute
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Extra resources for Agro-techniques of selected medicinal plants
The stock raised through cuttings takes longer time than seedlings to attain transplantable size. P Propagule rate and pretreatment About 7–8 kg of seeds are required for raising seedling stock on 1 hectare of land. Seeds require mechanical scarification pretreatment before sowing to obtain higher seed germination. Soaking of seeds in water for two to three hours and then drying in shade before sowing also promotes germination. It takes about 25 days for complete germination to take place. Planting in the field P Land preparation and fertilizer application The land should be given a deep disc ploughing followed by harrowing and levelling.
No chemical pesticides should be used on the crop. Harvest management P Crop maturity and harvesting The plant flowers in January–February, while fruits appear a month later. Fruit is initially green and turns brownish black at maturity. Danti is a 10-month-duration crop. Individual plants are dug out; roots and seeds are dried under shade. P Post-harvest management The produce is dried under shade and stored in dry cool areas in gunny bags. P Chemical constituents Axillarenic acid is present in the seeds, while 12deoxy-5β-hydroxyphorbol-13-myristate, 13-palmitate, 12 deoxyphorbol13-palmitate, baliospermin, and montanin are reported to be present in the roots.
Fruit is a three-lobed capsule, about 8–13 mm long and usually hairy. Seeds are mottled, smooth, and have oily endosperm. Flowers appear during January–February, while fruits mature a month later. Distribution The species is distributed throughout tropical and subtropical areas receiving rainfall above 1000 mm, that is, in Himalayan foothills, Kashmir to Khasi hills, and particularly in Vindhyas southward. It is very common in North and East Bengal, Chhota Nagpur, and peninsular India. Baliospermum montanum – seeds Climate and soil Danti prefers humid climate for better growth.