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Albion and Jerusalem: The Anglo-Jewish Community in the by Michael Clark

By Michael Clark

Lionel de Rothschild's hard-fought access into Parliament in 1858 marked the emancipation of Jews in Britain--the symbolic end of Jews' crusade for equivalent rights and their inclusion as voters after centuries of discrimination. Jewish existence entered a brand new part: the post-emancipation period. yet what did this suggest for the Jewish group and their interactions with wider society? and the way did Britain's nation and society react to its latest electorate? Emancipation was once ambiguous. reputation carried expectancies, in addition to possibilities. Integrating into British society required adjustments to standard Jewish id, simply because it additionally widened conceptions of Britishness. Many Jews willingly embraced their setting and shaped a different Jewish lifestyles: blending in all degrees of society; experiencing fiscal luck; and establishing and translating its religion alongside Anglican grounds. in spite of the fact that, in contrast to many different eu Jews, Anglo-Jews stayed dependable to their religion. Conversion and outmarriage remained infrequent, and connections have been maintained with overseas family members. The neighborhood used to be even prepared every now and then to put its Jewish and English identification in clash, as occurred through the 1876-8 jap Crisis--which provoked the 1st episode of recent antisemitism in Britain. the character of Jewish lifestyles in Britain was once uncertain and constructing within the post-emancipation period. Focusing upon inter-linked case reviews of Anglo-Jewry's political job, inner executive, and non secular improvement, Michael Clark explores the dilemmas of id and inter-faith family that faced the minority in past due nineteenth-century Britain. This was once an important interval during which the Anglo-Jewish neighborhood formed the foundation of its smooth lifestyles, when the British kingdom explored the bounds of its toleration.

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Additional info for Albion and Jerusalem: The Anglo-Jewish Community in the Post-Emancipation Era

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Questions regarding Jews remained unsettled. The hyphenated Anglo-Jewish identity was being tested for the first time in this period, against the background of an expectant yet far from static British environment. Although less dramatic than some episodes, the decisions and events of these three decades were vitally important in determining the future of Anglo-Jewish existence. This work sets out to examine the Anglo-Jewish subculture of this time: to investigate their inter-faith and inter-ethnic dialogue with English state and society; to discover the identity boundaries created by and imposed upon them; and to analyse how Jews reconciled being a particular minority in a universalist world.

1962), 75, 177, and Endelman, Jews of Britain, 75. ²¹ M. Scult, Millennial Expectations and Jewish Liberties: A Study of the Efforts to Convert the Jews in Britain up to the Mid-Nineteenth Century (Leiden, 1978), 58. ²² Endelman, Jews of Britain, 76. ²³ Endelman, Jews of Georgian England, 176, 276. ²⁴ D. Vital, A People Apart: A Political History of the Jews in Europe, 1789–1939 (Oxford, 1999), 39. ²⁵ Endelman, ‘Englishness’, 240. ²⁶ Despite its lack of practical consequences, emancipation had developed a symbolic importance to some of the Anglo-Jewish elite, who were concerned that discrimination impeded perceptions of them as natives.

1858, 9. 34 Albion and Jerusalem melding the two together as and when they could, rather than be forced to prioritize. ³⁶ Unfortunately, this position provided no solution to the existential issues raised by emancipation and the elite were continually pulled between contradictory poles and pushed to decide the balance of elements within Anglo-Jewish definition. The modern nation state, treating all its citizens as equal individuals, could not tolerate special groups operating under peculiar conditions, and as the Jews’ integration increased so the community’s particular interests clashed with their universal environment.

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