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Animal Personalities: Behavior, Physiology, and Evolution

Ask someone who has owned a puppy and they’ll guarantee you that, certain, animals have personalities. And technology is commencing to agree. Researchers have tested that either domesticated and nondomesticated animals—from invertebrates to monkeys and apes—behave in continuously alternative ways, assembly the factors for what many outline as character. yet why the diversities, and the way are personalities formed by means of genes and surroundings? How did they evolve? The essays in Animal Personalities exhibit that there's a lot to profit from our furred and feathered friends.           

The learn of animal character is without doubt one of the fastest-growing components of analysis in behavioral and evolutionary biology. the following Claudio Carere and Dario Maestripieri, in addition to a bunch of students from fields as various as ecology, genetics, endocrinology, neuroscience, and psychology, offer a accomplished evaluate of the present examine on animal character. Grouped into thematic sections, chapters procedure the subject with empirical and theoretical fabric and exhibit that to totally comprehend why character exists, we needs to reflect on the evolutionary tactics that supply upward push to character, the ecological correlates of character variations, and the physiological mechanisms underlying character edition.

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Additional info for Animal Personalities: Behavior, Physiology, and Evolution

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Fear, food, sex and parental care: a syndrome of boldness in the fishing spider, Dolomedes triton. Animal Behaviour, 74, 1131–1138. Kagan, J. 1994. Galen’s Prophecy: Temperament in Human Nature. New York: Basic Books. , and Hedrick, A. 2007. A behavioural syndrome in the field cricket Gryllus integer: intrasexual aggression is correlated with activity in a novel environment. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 91, 475–482. , Rantala, M. , and Hedrick, A. 2007. Boldness in antipredator behaviour and immune defence in field crickets.

Starks, P. , and Fefferman, N. H. 2006. Polistes nest founding behavior: a model for the selective maintenance of alternative behavioral phenotypes. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 43, 456–467. Stearns, S. 1992. The Evolution of Life Histories. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Stephens, D. , and Krebs, J. R. 1986. Foraging Theory. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 34 | The Bold and the Spineless: Invertebrate Personalities Taborsky, B. 2006. The influence of juvenile and adult environments on life-history trajectories.

Scharrer, B. 1987. Insects as models in neuroendocrine research. Annual Review of Entomology, 32, 1–16. , Bell, A. , Johnson, J. , and Ziemba, R. E. 2004. Behavioral syndromes: an integrative overview. Quarterly Review of Biology, 79, 241–277. , and Watters, J. V. 2005. The mix matters: behavioural types and group dynamics in water striders. Behaviour, 142, 1417–1431. Sinn, D. , Apiolaza, L. , and Moltschaniwskyj, N. A. 2006. Heritability and fitnessrelated consequences of squid personality traits.

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