By Stephen K. Stein
The relevant determine within the modernization of the U.S. Navy.
The profession of Washington Irving Chambers spans a formative interval within the improvement of the us military: He entered the Naval Academy within the doldrum years of out of date, frequently rotting ships, and left after he had helped like-minded officials persuade Congress and the general public of the necessity to undertake a brand new naval technique outfitted round a fleet of technologically complicated battleships. He additionally laid the foundation for naval aviation and the $64000 function it can play within the glossy navy.
This paintings covers Chambers’s early naval occupation, his paintings on the new workplace of Naval Intelligence, his participation within the Greeley reduction excursion, and a survey for the projected isthmian canal via Nicaragua, sooner than turning into the foremost recommend for naval modernization. As such, Chambers labored as a pioneering torpedo clothier, supervised building of the Maine, modernized the recent York army backyard, and have become a member of the 1st everlasting school on the Naval warfare College.
in the course of his lengthy occupation, Chambers not just designed torpedoes, but in addition a number of warships, together with a prototype Dreadnought-style battleship and a bunch of small units that ranged from torpedo information structures to the 1st catapult for launching airplanes from ships. on the shut of his profession, Chambers bought the navy’s first airplane and based its air arm. operating with Glenn Curtiss, Chambers guided a coalition of aviation fanatics and pioneers who popularized naval aviation and proven its features. Chambers prepared the 1st take-off and touchdown of an aircraft from a boat and different demonstrations of naval aviation. mixed together with his tireless advocacy for modernization, those contributions secured a spot in naval and aviation background for the innovator.