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Contemporary China by Alan Hunter, Jay Sexton

By Alan Hunter, Jay Sexton

Modern China is a full of life account of China this present day which makes a speciality of the past due Nineteen Nineties. The Maoist period and the early Eighties have been definitely formative, yet China now faces more than a few new concerns like unemployment, crime, and environmental toxins that call for

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Contemporary China

Modern China is a full of life account of China this day which specializes in the overdue Nineties. The Maoist period and the early Nineteen Eighties have been definitely formative, yet China now faces more than a few new matters like unemployment, crime, and environmental pollutants that call for

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Example text

He had united the country and regained its territorial integrity. There was an effective central government which had already adopted successful measures for economic reconstruction. However, the Great Leap Forward revealed that he had made disastrous errors of judgement which plunged the country into chaos and caused enormous suffering. Mao's vicious campaigns against supposed opponents, intolerance of debate, and incompetent economic policies contributed to an irretrievable decline in the Party's moral standing.

The Korean War and its Consequences The PRC was formed as the wartime alliance against Germany and Japan broke up, and the world polarized into two hostile camps led by the USA and the Soviet Union. The Cold War forced China to 'lean to one side' and declare for the socialist camp. When fighting broke out between US and Soviet proxies in neighbouring Korea, the Chinese found themselves faced with hostile UN forces led by the USA approaching the industrial area of Manchuria. When the UN ignored warnings not to continue their advance, PRC 'volunteers' entered Korea and drove them back to the 38th Parallel, where the war ended in stalemate.

Deng Xiaoping, drew back and espoused pragmatic policies which Mao was later to denounce as 'rightist'. No longer sure of his support in the Party, Mao ensured that Peng Dehuai was replaced as head of the armed forces by his political supporter, Lin Biao. 6). He had the credit of defeating the Japanese, the Nationalists, and the USA in Korea. He had united the country and regained its territorial integrity. There was an effective central government which had already adopted successful measures for economic reconstruction.

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