By William C Taylor
This booklet explains Arab army responses to the social uprisings which begun in 2011. via a comparative case learn research of Egyptian, Tunisian, Libyan, and Syrian militaries, it explains why militaries fractured, supported the regime in strength, or got rid of their presidents.
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Additional info for Military Responses to the Arab Uprisings and the Future of Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East: Analysis from Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, and Syria
The Outline for the Book My book is divided into two major sections. Chapter 2 outlines the major works concerning Arab civil-military relations. It classifies research into two broad generations of scholarship and argues that the events of the Arab Awakening mark the onset of a third generation of scholarship. Chapters 1 through 7 are the heart of my research. It concerns military responses to the Arab Awakening during the first half of 2011. It is reflective and introduction / 21 explanatory.
While nonstate militant groups such as Hezbollah, Hamas, and al-Qaeda have scored some successes on the battlefield, the “Western-backed” state militaries continue their historical stretch of irrelevance. 28 In this sense, US aid makes Arab militaries agents of the United States, not defenders of the interests of their people. Finally, many Arab states intentionally diversify their receipt of foreign military aid in order to diminish the foreign influence from any one state. The international military sales market is highly competitive with multiple great powers vying for sales and security ties to the developing world.
Still, the rise of the individual vis-à-vis the Arab dictator does not give us a clear picture of how Arab militaries will respond to future instances of social unrest. What causal mechanisms will explain why one Arab military supports future demonstrators and another military defends the regime? How will Arab militaries support their democratic movements? Will they guide the democratic process, intervene from time to time to preserve their interests, or remain aloof from the political process altogether?