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Reconciliation and Architectures of Commitment: Sequencing by John Braithwaite, Hilary Charlesworth, Peter Reddy, Leah

By John Braithwaite, Hilary Charlesworth, Peter Reddy, Leah Dunn

Following a bloody civil warfare, peace consolidated slowly and sequentially in Bougainville. That series used to be of either a top-down structure of credible dedication in a proper peace strategy and layer upon layer of bottom-up reconciliation. Reconciliation was once in accordance with indigenous traditions of peacemaking. It additionally drew on Christian traditions of reconciliation, on education in restorative justice rules and on innovation in womens' peacebuilding. Peacekeepers opened secure areas for reconciliation, however it used to be locals who formed and owned the peace. there's a lot to benefit from this distinctively indigenous peace structure. it's a some distance cry from the norms of a 'liberal peace' or a 'realist peace'. The authors describe it as a hybrid 'restorative peace' within which 'mothers of the land' after which male opponents associated hands in artistic methods. A risk to Bougainville's peace is weak point of foreign dedication to honour the results of a coming near near independence referendum that's one important plank of the peace deal.

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But when he became impatient with their frustrating progress, he triggered a near catastrophe by contracting mercenaries to break the deadlock. 34 4. Peacemaking on, off and finally back on track Arawa Peace Conference, 1994 Sir Julius Chan became PNG Prime Minister in September 1994. Worried that the defence forces might sabotage his peace initiatives, Chan immediately took ministerial control of both the military and the police. Within days of taking over, Chan was in Honiara, Solomon Islands, for talks with BRA military commander Sam Kauona chaired by Solomons Prime Minister Billy Hilly.

The loss of life, the new bargaining chip of the five hostages and the captured weapons all shifted the momentum of the war in favour of the BRA. Morale in Port Moresby collapsed. The Prime Minister lost confidence in his army, and in Australia, and turned to Sandline. The PNGDF blamed Theodore Miriung, totally erroneously, for orchestrating the Kangu Beach massacre, because, coincidentally, he had visited the care centre that week. Many believe this is the reason they assassinated him. 42 4. Peacemaking on, off and finally back on track Sandline International spent much of 1996 in communication with the PNG Defence Minister, Mathias Ijape, about mercenary assistance for the PNGDF to dislodge the BRA.

BCL was getting much more sophisticated advice from a fine anthropologist in Douglas Oliver of Harvard University. While Oliver saw many of the flaws in the way BCL was managing the land-compensation issues, and spoke out against them, he did not allow these to shake his ultimate advice that ‘opposition would be limited, and that people would be reconciled to the mine eventually’ (Denoon 2000:201). Social science is useful in diagnosing the problems a particular course of action might cause and even in making probabilistic predictions of what is more and less likely across a large n of cases.

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